Ecology is the study of relationships between living organisms and their physical environment; it seeks to understand the vital connections between plants and animals and the world around them. It provides information on the movement of energy through living communities.
Within the Medieval park can be found a combination of parkland, veteran trees with variable ground flora; grassland swards of varying character and composition, and associated wet grasslands and swamps; and woodland.
The River Wye, which is nominated as one of the top five cleanest rivers in the country, runs through it, providing river edge habitats and associated river meadows. There also remains the remnants of arable land and its associated hedgerows.
The proximity and mosaic nature of these alternative environments makes the park of great ecological interest and value, and allows it to house and home a broad variety of flora and fauna, many of which are rare or endangered